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Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Muhammad Ali Jinnah born in 25 December 1876. He was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan. Jinnah served as leader of the All India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan's creation on 14 August 1947, and also as Pakistan's first Governor General until death. Jinnah rose to prominence in the Indian National Congress in the first two decades of the 20th century. In these early years of his political career, Jinnah advocated Hindu-Muslim unity, helping to shape the 1916 Lucknow Pact between the congress and the All-India Muslim League. Jinnah became a key leader in the All India Home Rule League, and proposed a fourteen point constitutional reform plan to safeguard the political rights of Muslims. In 1920, Jinnah resigned from the Congress when it agreed to follow a campaign of satyagraha, which he regarded as political anarchy.

By 1940, Jinnah had come to believe that Indian Muslims should have their own state. In that year, the Muslim League, led by Jinnah, passed the Lahore Resolution, demanding a separate nation. During the Second World War, the League gained strength while leaders of the Congress were imprisoned, and in the elections held shortly after the war, it won most of the seats reserved for Muslims. Ultimately, the Congress and the Muslim League could not reach a power-sharing formula for a united India, leading all parties to agree to separate independence of a predominantly Hindu India, and for a Muslim-majority state.

As the first Governor General of Pakistan, Jinnah worked to establish the new nation's government and policies, and to aid the millions of Muslims migrants who had emigrated from the new nation of India to Pakistan after Independence, personally supervising the establishment of refugee camps. Along with Liaquat and Abdur Rab Nishtar, Jinnah represented Pakistan's interests in the division Council to appropriately divide public assets between India and Pakistan. Pakistan was supposed to receive one-sixth of the pre-independence government's assets. From 1930s, Jinnah suffered from tuberculosis, only his sister and few others close to him were aware of his condition. Jinnah believed public knowledge of his lung ailments would hurt him politically. In June 1948, he and Fatima flew to Quetta, in the mountains of Baluchistan, where the weather was cooler than karachi. He could not completely rest there, addressing the officers at the Command and Staff College saying, "you, along with the other Forces of Pakistan, are the custodians of the life, property and honour of the people of Pakistan. He returned to Karachi for the 1 July opening ceremony for the State Bank of Pakistan , at which he spoke. A reception by the Canadian trade commissioner that evening in honour of Dominion Day was the last public event he attended.
Jinnah died at 10:20 pm at his home in Karachi on 11 September 1948 at the age of 71, just over a year after Pakistan's creation.

Muhammad Iqbal

Sir Muhammad Iqbal, also known as Allama Iqbal was born in November 9, 1877. He was a poet, philosopher, and politician, as will as an academic, barrister and scholar in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is called the "Spiritual father of Pakistan". He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature, with literary work in both the Urdu and Persian languages.. Iqbal is admired as a prominent poet by Pakistan's, Iranians, Indians, Bangladeshis, Sri Lankan's and other international scholars of literature. Though Iqbal is best know as an eminent poet, he is also a highly acclaimed "Muslim philosophical thinker of modern times". His first poetry book, Asrar-e-Khudi, appeared in the Persian language in 1915, and other books of poetry include Rumuz-i-Bekhudi, Pyam-i-Mashriq and Zabur-i-Ajam. Amongst these, his best know Urdu works are Bang-i-Dara,Bal-i-Jabril, Zarb-i-Kalim and a part of Armughan-e-Hijaz. Along with his Urdu and Prsian poetry, his Urdu and English lectures and letter have been very influential in culture,social, religious and political disputes. In much of south Asia and the Urdu speaking world, Iqbal is regarded as the Shair-e-Mashriq, He is also called Mufakkir-e-Pakistan, Musawar-e-Pakistan and Hakeem-ul-Ummat. The Pakistan government officially named him a national poet. While dividing his time between law and poetry, Iqbal had remained active in the Muslim League. He did not support Indian involvement in World War I and remained in close touch with Muslim political leaders such as Mohammad Ali Jouhar and Mohammad Ali Jinnah. He was died in 21 April 1938 at age of 60 years.